If US President Donald Trump was facing an election in Europe he would have almost no chance at winning and would only get about 17% of the vote, according to a survey published on Wednesday by German researchers.
His opponent, Democratic nominee Joe Biden, would get about 45%, according to the survey by the Bertelsmann Stiftung foundation.
Some 38% of European Union citizens would not vote for either candidate, if they were voting this year.
When broken down by individual country the results varied - Poland is the only country where Trump was ahead of Biden, with the President polling at 38%, compared to his challenger's 30%.
Poles want a close relationship to the US for historical reasons, according to the study author Isabell Hoffmann. Some 77% said that democracy in the US functions well.
A failure of democracy
By contrast, 51% of people surveyed across Europe said they believe there has been a failure of democracy in the US.
But America still ranks well ahead of China as an important partner, according to survey respondents.
"Four years of Trump's government have left their mark on EU citizens. They acknowledge the importance of the transatlantic relationship, but are blunt in their assessment of what holds it together," Hoffman said.
The survey authors questioned 13,808 people in all EU states in September.