Friday. 22.02.2019
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Finnish for foreigners beginners course. Lesson 3: The numbers and the partitive

In this lesson you will learn numbers in Finnish. We will also take a look at the partitive case.

Finnish for foreigners beginners course. Lesson 3: The numbers and the partitive

Kuinka monta? / How many?

In this lesson you will learn numbers in Finnish. We will also take a look at the partitive case. You will need it when you use numbers with nouns and adjectives.

Let’s start with the numbers from 0 to 10.

0 nolla

1 yksi

2 kaksi

3 kolme

4 neljä

5 viisi

6 kuusi

7 seitsemän

8 kahdeksan

9 yhdeksän

10 kymmenen

When forming numbers 11 to 19 just add the word -toista after the number.

11 yksitoista

12 kaksitoista

13 kolmetoista

14 neljätoista

15 viisitoista etc.

Tens are formed with the suffix -kymmentä.

20 kaksikymmentä

50 viisikymmentä

80 kahdeksankymmentä

Numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine are formed by saying the ten and then the number.

21 kaksikymmentäyksi

33 kolmekymmentäkolme

76 seitsemänkymmentäkuusi

Then we have 100, sata and 1000, tuhat . Again, just add the numbers in the right order.

104 sataneljä

118 satakahdeksantoista

189 satakahdeksankymmentäyhdeksän

1001 tuhatyksi

Hundreds and thousands in plural are expressed with the partitive case of the words -sata and -tuhat.

200 kaksisataa (notice the long vowel)

4000 neljätuhatta (notice the ending ta )

The basic rules of the partitive case

Nouns and adjectives coming after any other number than number 1 are always in the partitive case. Look at these examples:

yksi kahvi - kaksi kahvia (one coffee - two coffees).

yksi päivä - kymmenen päivää (one day - ten days).

yksi mies - kolme mies (one man - three men).

yksi perhe - viisi perhettä (one family - five families).

The basic rules for forming the partitive case are the following:

  1. If the word ends with a single vowel (except for e), the ending is either a or ä. (If there are back vowels a, o or u in the word, the ending is a. With front vowels ä, ö or y and often with neutral vowels i and e, the ending is ä. This rule is called the vowel harmony). Kahvi - kahvia (coffee); päivä - päivää (day).
  2. If the word ends with two vowels or a consonant, the ending is either ta or tä. Museo - museota (museum); mies - miestä (man).
  3. If the word ends with a vowel e, the ending is tta or ttä. Tietokone - tietokonetta (computer); perhe - perhettä (family).

Now you can watch my video and hear the pronunciation. Listen carefully the difference between short and long vowels! The video is in Finnish but there are English subtitles available.

You can also practice the numbers with this TinyCards game:

If for any reason you can´t see well the game on you device, you can also play it by clicking HERE

Nähdään!

Jenni Turunen

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